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Ultimate Resource of Egyptian Gods

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Ultimate Resource of Egyptian Gods

Egyptians are believed to have worshipped over two thousand gods and goddesses. The complexities of Egyptian mythology lead to many competing stories, traditions and practices. Egyptian society as a whole had common deities with each city having their own, more specific ones.

Egyptian Gods

The major deities controlled the most important aspects of life and the lesser deities were in charge of specific duties, i.e, protecting the crops. As it was in ancient times, some groups still worship the gods and goddesses, one such being Isis, goddess of women and magic.

  • AmenAncient nature-god. He symbolized the power that produces conception and growth in humans, animals and nature.
  • Amen-RaKing of the gods. He was a composite deity of Amen and Ra. The power of Ra manifests through Amen and vice versa. Ra is the sun god.

  • Anubis – God of the dead. His main job duty was to escort the dead to the underworld. He was depicted in Egyptian art with the head of a black jackal.

  • Anuket Nourisher of the fields and Goddess of the hunt. She was thought to provide protection to women in childbirth.

  • ApisDivine bull of the Egyptian capital Memphis. He was thought to be the manifestation of the creation God Ptah. He was depicted as a black bull with a sun disk and a snake between his horns.

  • AtenLord of heaven and earth. He was symbolized as a solar disk with downward rays ending in human hands.

  • AtumThe earth and the setting sun God. His name means the "the complete one."

  • BastThe Goddess of cats, fire, of the home of pregnant women. She was the daughter of Ra. She was symbolized as a woman with the head of a cat.

  • Bes– God of music, dancing and childbirth. He was depicted as a dwarf with a large head and big eyes. He was thought to protect families against evil spirits.

  • DuamutefProtector of entrails stored within jars with mummies. He was one of the four sons of Horus. He is depicted as a man with a jackal's head.

  • EdjoSerpent goddess of the Delta and protector of Lower Egypt. She was depicted with a scepter in her hand and wearing a red crown. She was known by many different names including Wadjet.

  • Four Sons of HorusGuardians of the internal organs of the deceased. They were known as Imsety, Hapy, Duamutef and Qebehsenuef.

  • GebProvider of the crops and a healer. Egyptians thought that his laughter caused earthquakes. He was depicted as a bearded man holding a staff with a goose on his head.

  • HaditGod known as Horus of Behedet. The name Hadit originates as a translation of Horus.

  • HapiGod of the Nile. He was depicted as a man with papyrus plants in his hands and lotus plants on his head.

  • HathorGoddess of love, music and beauty. She was often depicted as a full cow with full horns and carrying a sistra or rattle.

  • HarpocratesGod of silence. His name is Greek for the Egyptian god Horus the Child. He was depicted as a boy with a finger held to his lips.

  • HeqetGoddess of childbirth, creation, and grain germination. She was represented as a frog.

  • HorusGod of the sun and of kingship. He was the son of Isis and Osiris. He was often represented with the head of a falcon.

  • Horus of BehdetThe warrior god. He was also known as Horus and Hadit. He had many different versions and represented leadership and an orderly future.

  • ImhotepA deity and high priest of the Third Dynasty. He was born a human and was later deified through his deeds as an idealist.

  • ImsetyProtector of the liver. He was depicted as a man wrapped like a mummy. He was one of the sons of the deity Horus.

  • IsisPatron saint of women and goddess of magic. She was the mother of Horus. Today she is still worshipped by many.

  • KhepriGod of the rising sun. He was associated with self-renewal and was thought to be the manifestation of the god Re who took on the form of a beetle.

  • KhnumThe creator of humans. He took on the form of a man with a ram's head. He was the oldest of the gods of Upper Egypt.

  • KhonsuThe lunar God. He was a major deity and was depicted as a man with the head of the hawk.

  • MaatGoddess of truth and order. She was a teenage girl goddess. Her name is the Egyptian word for truth. She was considered to rule everything.

  • Mentu– The God of war. Great Egyptian military leaders called themselves the sons of Mentu. He was depicted in various ways, with a falcon head and bull head.

  • MinGod of the desert, of male procreation and of agriculture. He was one of the main deities of Upper Egypt.

  • MutThe Goddess of the sky. She ruled over marriage and creation. She was the mother of Mentu. Her name is the word in ancient Egypt for mother. She was represented by a white vulture and also as a woman with a lion's head.

  • NefertumGod of fragrance and the patron of healing and beautification. He took on the form of a lotus flower.

  • NeithGoddess of war and weaving. The Egyptians believed she was a wise goddess whom the other gods came to with their disputes.

  • NekhbetThe protective goddess of Upper Egypt. She was depicted often as a vulture with outstretched wings.

  • NephthysGoddess of divine assistance, creation and relatives. She was the daughter of Geb.

  • NutThe sky goddess. Egyptians thought her body arched over the earth and every evening she would swallow the setting sun.

  • OsirisGod of the dead and of resurrection. He was the son of Geb and Nut and the father of Horus.

  • Pharaohs as deitiesConsidered representatives of the gods and some as gods themselves.

  • PtahThe God of crafts. The main god of Memphis. His wife was Sekhmet, goddess of war.

  • QebehsenuefProtector of the intestines of the dead. His name means "one who refreshes his brothers."

  • QeteshThe nature Goddess of love and beauty. She was depicted as a woman standing on a lion or at times standing beside one.

  • RaThe sun-god of Heliopolis. Ra was known by many names and took on many forms. He was also known to the Egyptians as Annu.

  • Ra-Horakhty God of the rising sun. A complex deity who was the embodiment of the two gods Ra and Horus.

  • SatiGoddess of the Nile, flood and fertility. She protected the southern border of Egypt.

  • SekerThe God of craftsman, funerals and the dead. Also known as Sokar, Sokaris and Socharis.

  • SekhmetPatron of physicians and healers. Her priests became skilled doctors.

  • SelketThe scorpion goddess. She was thought to save the lives of those stung by scorpions.

  • SerapisGod of fertility and the underworld. He was a composite deity created by the Greek rulers of Egypt.

  • SetPatron deity of Lower Egypt. He was the brother of Isis and Osiris. He was known for killing his brother Osiris.

  • Shu – God of wind and air. He was part human and part lion. He was created by the god Ra.

  • SobekThe crocodile god. Deity of produce and fertility of the Nile. He once was a demon but the Egyptians started worshipping him to pacify the crocodile.

  • SothisGoddess of the star Sothis and of the New Year. She was also known as Isis and Demeter.

  • TefnutGoddess of the moisture of the sky. She was depicted as a woman who wears a solar disk on her head while holding a scepter. She was the mother of Geb and Nut.

  • ThothThe God of learning, wisdom and magic. In Egyptian mythology, he was the inventor of writing, arithmetic and astronomy. His temple was the largest religious structure ever built by man.

  • Thoueris – Protectress of fertility and childbirth. She was depicted as having the head of a hippo, the tail of a crocodile and the claws of a lion.

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